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Friday, 24 July 2015

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Alliteration

the repetition of a consonant at the start of several adjacent words

Allusion

referring to a well-known event or text

Assonance

the repetition of a vowel at the start of several adjacent words

Blank verse

verse comprised of unrhymed lines in iambic pentameter

Connotation

implied additional meaning or association with different meanings

Context

the circumstances in which an event occurs

Elegy

a poem composed as a lament for a deceased person

Enjambment

when a sentence flows on to the next line without clause or break (comma or full stop)

Euphemism

a mild or indirect way of saying something that is more severe is being implied

Hyperbole

gross exaggeration

Imagery

mental pictures created by colourful language features. Often uses similes and metaphors. Often used in poetry and song lyrics. Imagery allows the writer to show what he/she means instead of telling directly.
E.g. I took a walk around the world to
Ease my troubled mind
I left my body laying somewhere
In the sands of time.
I watched the world float to the dark side of the moon
I feel there is nothing I can do.
Kryptonite - Three Doors Down

Irony

the expression of meaning using words or phrases that imply the opposite
Layout

Metaphor

when one object, through comparison, becomes another

Motif

recurring theme or symbol

Onomatopoeia

the word of a sound: "whoosh", "bang"

Pathetic fallacy

that attribution of human feelings or responses to inanimate things or animals

Personification

transforming a non-human object into a human through human qualities (mostly physical characteristics)

Perspective

the way or view from which a person sees themselves, others and the world

Purpose

an aim or goal

Rhythm

the poetic pace and flow created from a measure of balance and pattern within the language structure

Sibilance

repetition of the "s" sound

Simile

comparing two objects using "like" or "as"

Stanza

a division of a poem, composed of two or more lines with common characteristics

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